This paper examines the relationship that France has with NATO through its policy of nuclear deterrence in a European context, with a focus on France’s most recent “White Paper”. France has historically placed a high priority on the role of nuclear weapons in security policy and maintains that its current nuclear posture meets only “strict sufficiency” requirements. The author argues, however, that during a time when tactical nuclear weapons are diminishing in acceptance by the international community, especially amidst a strained economic environment, change could be around the corner.
This is the 15th Nuclear Policy Paper in a series that was published under the joint Arms Control Association (ACA) / British American Security Information Council (BASIC) / Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy (IFSH) project on “Reducing the role of tactical nuclear weapons in Europe” funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. More information on the project can be found at
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