In this issue
- BASIC and Getting to Zero (GTZ)
- Commitments to disarmament and arms control
- Country reports
- Missile defense
- Additional publications
BASIC and Getting to Zero (GTZ)
The last month held out incredible potential for Getting to Zero. US President Barack Obama chaired a special UN Security Council session specifically devoted to nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament. In addition, the United States for the first time in 10 years sent a representative, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, to the meeting on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). To top it off, the Nobel Committee said in its press release on awarding the Peace Prize to President Obama, “The Committee has attached special importance to Obama’s vision of and work for a world without nuclear weapons.” See the section on Commitments to Arms Control and Disarmament below for more information on related developments.
For BASIC, it was no less a busy period. In conjunction with the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Global Security and Non-Proliferation, BASIC hosted a delegation of British Parliamentarians to Washington, DC for the purpose of meeting with policymakers in the US Senate and Administration to discuss nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation. The group included: former Defence Secretary Rt. Hon. Des Browne, MP, (Labour); former UK Ambassador to the United Nations Lord Hannay of Chiswick (Crossbench); Shadow Foreign Affairs Minister, Dr David Lidington, MP (Conservative); Chair of the Parliamentary Labour Party, Tony Lloyd, MP; and also Chloe Dalton, Advisor to Shadow Foreign Secretary, the Rt Hon William Hague, MP (Conservative).
The Parliamentarians headlined a public event co-hosted with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, DC on September 9. Audio, video and a summary of the event are available on the Carnegie Endowment’s website.
BASIC also co-hosted a private roundtable discussion with the New America Foundation on September 16 in Washington, DC and met with embassy officials to discuss the role of nuclear weapons in NATO’s Strategic Concept Review and the issue of extended deterrence within the US Nuclear Posture Review.
International journalist Anne Penketh started as BASIC’s new Program Director for Washington. She has a distinguished career in international media reporting on disarmament and non-proliferation issues, including most recently as Diplomatic Editor of The Independent. Ian Kearns also joins BASIC as Senior Analyst to deepen our impact in London. He is former Deputy Director of the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) and principal author and driver of their recent National Security Commission.
BASIC in the news
- Iran engages on nuclear issue, concedes little
Alistair Lyon, Reuters, October 2, 2009 http://www.reuters.com/article/gc08/idUSTRE59139220091002
- Iran test-fires long-range missiles
CNN, September 29, 2009 http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/meast/09/28/iran.missile.tests/
- ‘Ahmadinejad has enough uranium to go whole way’
FOCUS News Agency, September 26, 2009
- Iranian president rejects Obama accusations about nuclear efforts
Ed Henry, Dan Lothian, Pam Benson, Matthew Chance & Moni Basu, CNN, September 26, 2009 http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/meast/09/25/iran.nuclear/
- Iran fallout scenarios: ‘Political damage’ or diplomatic gains?
Moni Basu, Melissa Gray and Joe Sterling, CNN, September 25, 2009 http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/09/25/analysis.iran.nuclear/
- Obama hails historic resolution to rid world of nuclear weapons
Julian Borger, Guardian, September 24, 2009 http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/24/nuclear-weapons-un-security-council
- Why Scrapping the Shield Could be the Best Defense Against Iran
Anne Penketh, The Independent, September 18, 2009 http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/commentators/anne-penketh- why-scrapping-the-shield-could-be-the-best-defence-against-iran-1789436.html
- First North Korea. Now Iran?
Anne Penketh, The Independent, August 6, 2009 http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/commentators/anne-penketh- first-north-korea-now-iran-1767741.html
Commitments to disarmament and arms control
UN Security Council passes broad resolution on nuclear weapons
On September 23, President Barack Obama delivered his first address to the UN General Assembly, in which he promised to “complete a Nuclear Posture Review [NPR] that opens the door to deeper cuts and reduces the role of nuclear weapons.” The following day he chaired the UN Security Council, which unanimously approved a U.S.-sponsored resolution (1887) committing all nations to:
“Resolv[e] to seek a safer world for all and to create the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons, in accordance with the goals of the Treaty on the Non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), in a way that promotes international stability, and based on the principle of undiminished security for all.”
The resolution highlights the current challenges to nuclear disarmament and “demands that the parties concerned comply fully with their obligations under the relevant Security Council resolutions,” but does not single out any country by name, nor does it specifically call for new sanctions. It also urges all member states:
- to join and ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty;
- to cooperate fully with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), including adopting an additional protocol and a comprehensive safeguards agreement or modified small quantities protocol;
- to pass more stringent export controls on equipment and technology; and,
- for the Conference on Disarmament to negotiate a ban on the production of military fissile material.
It was the first time that the UN Security Council at the summit level had focused its entire session on nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament.
Foreign Ministers Promote Test Ban Treaty
One hundred and fifty foreign ministers met at the Comprehensive Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) Article XIV Conference in New York and issued a declaration on September 24 calling for rapid activation of the 1996 treaty. The declaration claims that the treaty will facilitate nuclear disarmament and make the test-ban “permanent and legally binding.” US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (the first time in 10 years since the United States has sent a representative to the Conference) added that, when activated, the treaty will “permit the United States and others to challenge states engaged in suspicious testing activities – including the option of calling on-site inspections to be sure that no testing occurs on land, underground, underwater, or in space.” In order to enter into force, the treaty still requires ratification by nine yet to ratify: China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, North Korea, Pakistan, and the United States.
New START Update
Russia and the United States were continuing talks on the follow-up agreement to the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), which is now called the “New START” by the Obama Administration. The most recent meeting, held in early October in Geneva, focused on the wording and technical points of the treaty. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton met in Moscow on October 13, discussing the New START and the Clinton-Lavrov Commission. Clinton confirmed in associated remarks that the two countries were still planning on completing the negotiations before the current treaty expires on December 5.
US Assistant Secretary Rose Gottemoeller has revealed that a continuing issue has been the deployment of strategic ballistic missiles without nuclear warheads, in part because verifying the warheads could make the regime more onerous, as well as the dangers of a non-nuclear launch being mistaken for a nuclear attack. Alexander Vershbow, Assistant Defense Secretary for International Security Affairs, said during a Defense Writers Group breakfast on October 8 that Russian and US negotiators have yet to work out how they will extend verification measures beyond the current agreement.
P5 Conference in London
On September 3-4, the UK Government organized and hosted in London a private conference of the Permanent Five (P5) members of the UN Security Council: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States, the countries which are the “recognized” nuclear weapons states under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), to discuss confidence-building measures. Senior policymakers and technical experts representing these countries focused on verification, transparency, and compliance measures intended to assist with preventing further nuclear weapons proliferation and reducing current nuclear arsenals.
CD prospects lose luster
Pakistan raised ire at the Conference on Disarmament (CD) in August when, according to the Conference President Caroline Millar and other participants, Pakistani representatives focused on procedural issues and prevented the CD from moving onto substantive work. Hopes had been raised back in May when the Conference reached a breakthrough after a 12-year deadlock on its agenda, which includes among other issues developing a fissile material (cutoff) treaty and nuclear disarmament. The spokesperson for Pakistan’s Office of Foreign Affairs defended its Conference participation, saying that Pakistan has played a constructive role in the CD and denied that it has attempted to re-open the work program.
- Dead Hand, START and Strategic Stability
Jeffrey Lewis, Arms Control Wonk, October 7, 2009 http://www.armscontrolwonk.com/2495/dead-hand- start-and-strategy-stability
- Getting to Zero Starts Here: Tactical Nuclear Weapons
Catherine M. Kelleher and Scott L. Warren, Arms Control Today, October 2009 http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2009_10/Kelleher
- Fissile Materials Working Group Letter to President Obama
Posted on the website of the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, September 30, 2009
- Do Time Extension Instead of a Bad Treaty (“START Follow-on Dos & Don’ts”) US Senate Republican Policy Committee, September 30, 2009 http://rpc.senate.gov/public/_files/093009STARTFollowonDosandDontsms.pdf
- Mathews delivers NGO statement at CTBT Conference
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, September 25, 2009 http://carnegieendowment.org/publications/index.cfm?fa=view&id=23886
- Disarmament and non-proliferation (International Day of Peace)
United Nations, September 21, 2009
- Breakthrough and Breakdown at the Conference on Disarmament: Assessing the Prospects for an FM(C)T
Paul Meyer, Arms Control Today, September 2009 http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2009_09/Meyer
- The Conference on Disarmament in 2009: Could Do Better
Ray Acheson, Disarmament Diplomacy, Issue No. 91, Summer 2009 http://www.acronym.org.uk/dd/dd91/91cd.htm
- The Long Road from Prague
Rose Gottemoeller, US Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Verification, Compliance, and Implementation Speech delivered before the US Air Force sponsored conference at the Woolands Conference Center, Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia, August 14, 2009
- Israel invite clouds President Obama’s nuclear summit
Josh Gerstein, Politico, August 11, 2009 http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0809/26004_Page2.html
- Past nuclear horrors, future nuclear hopes
Daniel Oppenheim, Sun Journal, August 9, 2009 http://www3.sunjournal.com/node/47308/
- 64 years and counting
The Asahi Simbun, August 6, 2009
- My plan to stop the bomb
Ban Ki-moon, The Guardian, August 3, 2009 http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/aug/03/nuclear-disarmament
- Struggling UN atom watchdog gets rare budget boost
Mark Heinrich, Reuters, August 3, 2009 http://in.reuters.com/article/oilRpt/idINL385520090803
- Morality and the Bomb
Michael Krepon, Arms Control Wonk, July 31, 2009 http://www.armscontrolwonk.com/2402/morality-and-the-bomb
Senators express concerns over possible changes in US nuclear posture
A bi-partisan group of Senators, including the chairs of the Foreign Relations and Armed Services Committees, sent a letter to President Obama on July 23, requesting that the New START agreement be accompanied by a plan, including a ten-year budget, “to enhance the safety, security and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile, to modernize the nuclear weapons complex (i.e. improve the safety of facilities, modernize the infrastructure, maintain the key capabilities and competencies of the nuclear weapons workforce–the designers and the technicians), and to maintain the delivery platforms.”
The Senate Republican Policy Committee issued a list of policy guidelines directed at the Obama Administration in its development of the START follow-on agreement, also advocating that “the President must submit a comprehensive plan to modernize the US nuclear weapons complex,” which the briefing said “is a prerequisite to any reductions.” (The Committee’s understanding of what “modernization” would require “at a minimum” is provided on page 14 of the document.) Among other recommendations, the Committee also said that weapons such as those that would be part of conventional global strike should not be limited by the New START. The guidelines have come under intense criticism.
Referring to the NPR and the START follow-on negotiations, another bi-partisan group of senators from Louisiana, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming, “the ICBM Coalition,” wrote a letter to Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, requesting that the entire US force of 450 Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) not be included in any possible reductions to the US nuclear arsenal.
- Exclusive: Obama agrees to keep Israel’s nukes secret
Eli Lake, Washington Times, October 2, 2009
- Push for controversial nuke treaty likely delayed until spring
Josh Rogin, The Cable, October 2, 2009
- US Assistant Secretary of Defense Alexander Vershbow: We didn’t
expect any quid pro quo for our new approach for missile defense
Interfax interview with Alexander Vershbow, September 30, 2009
- Rethinking US Nuclear Posture
Event held at the Carnegie Endowment for International
Peace in Washington, DC, September 29, 2009
- Next Obama Speech: The Pentagon
Ivan Oelrich, FAS Strategic Security Blog, September 24, 2009
- Press Briefing by Gary Samore, National Security Council , Coordinator
for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation; Ambassador Alex Wolff, Deputy
Permanent Representative to the United Nations; and Mike McFaul,
Senior Director for Russian Affairs, on Thursday’s UN Security Council
Meeting and the President’s Meeting Today with President Medvedev of
Press Briefing at the Waldorf Astoria, New York, New York, (Office of the
Press Secretary, The White House), September 23, 2009
- US Official Sees Vocabulary Pitfalls in Outlining Nuclear Objectives
Elaine M. Grossman, Global Security Newswire, September 18, 2009 http://globalsecuritynewswire.org/gsn/nw_20090918_1267.php
- Inside Obama Administration: A Tug of War Over Nuclear Warheads
Elaine Grossman, Global Security Newswire, August 18, 2009
- Analysis of the FY2010 Defense Budget Request
Todd Harrison, Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, August 12, 2009
- Fogbank ‘as good as, if not better than, the original’
Frank Munger, Atomic City Underground, August 6, 2009
- Thought for the day, courtesy of Fogbank
Alicia Godsberg, FAS Strategic Security Blog, August 5, 2009
- Nuclear Weapon’s Refurbishing Woes Draw Congressional Attention to Treaty
Walter Pincus, Washington Post, August 4, 2009
- Remarks to US Strategic Command Deterrence Symposium
Ellen Tauscher, US Strategic Command, July 30, 2009
Brown on possible reductions
British Prime Minister Gordon Brown announced on September 23 that he will consider a decision that Britain build three rather than four Trident follow-on nuclear submarines to replace the current fleet, as part of the disarmament process. The announcement, made before the UN General Assembly, is intended to show that the government is backing up its recent initiatives on multilateral disarmament and non-proliferation. Senior officials at the Ministry of Defence have agreed on the proposal and Brown will refer the issue to the national security cabinet committee, with a view to receiving endorsement by December. Reports since suggest that the Prime Minister’s advisers are considering a number of other options in addition, including a cut in deployed warhead numbers of 25% from 160 to 120.
Voters voice opposition to full Trident replacement
A majority (63%) of British voters opposed replacing the Trident nuclear system with “an equally powerful missile system,” according to a new poll conducted on September 10 and 11 by “You Gov” for the Left Foot Forward blog. Of the 2,009 people polled, 23% responded that Britain should replace Trident with an equally powerful missile system. In addition, 40% of the respondents said that Britain should “retain a minimum nuclear system, but said it should be less powerful and cost less than replacing Trident,” while 23% advocated forfeiting all nuclear weapons.
Former UK Defence Secretary organizing elite Parliamentary group on nuclear weapon issues
During the visit to Washington organized by BASIC in September, the Rt. Hon. Des Browne, MP (Labour) announced his convening of a new cross-party group of 15 British Parliamentarians, formally called “the Top Level Group of UK Parliamentarians for Multilateral Nuclear Disarmament & Non-Proliferation.” According to the background sheet on Browne’s website, “This group provides an opportunity to reinforce the view that multilateral nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation is a critical global issue, particularly in the context of 2010 NPT Review Conference. … All the members of this group believe in a world free from nuclear weapons but feel that this can only be achieved incrementally. The group is agreed that the time is now right to develop a UK/European initiative which builds on the recent US work” and will be formally launched at a meeting in London on October 29.
- Brown move to cut UK nuclear subs
BBC News, September 23, 2009
- Revealed: the £130bn cost of Trident replacement
Richard Norton-Taylor, The Guardian, September 18, 2009
Inspectors to visit Iran’s enrichment plant near Qom
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) announced that Iran agreed to allow its officials to inspect its newly revealed enrichment facility near Qom on October 25. The Iranian government notified the IAEA of the facility apparently only after learning that the United States had been tracking the covert project for a while and was about to release the information publicly. Iran was criticized by the IAEA’s Director General, Mohamed ElBaradei, for not notifying the Agency as soon as it had decided to build the plant, about three to four years ago. Iranian officials disagree with this interpretation of their obligations to the Agency. The facility is not complete but is designed to house approximately 3,000 centrifuges to enrich uranium, which Iranian officials have said was also for peaceful purposes, a back-up plant in case of a military attack on other Iranian nuclear facilities.
Meetings in Geneva hint at possible progress
Meetings between Iran and the P5+1 in Geneva on October 1 saw probably the most significant progress in multilateral negotiations with Iran in more than three years, and the first bilateral meeting between high-level American and Iranian officials in three decades. Iran negotiators, meeting with the six major powers in Geneva on October 1, tentatively agreed to the idea of exporting the majority of Iran’s enriched uranium for further enrichment in Russia to just under 20% U235 and fabrication in France and then having it returned for use as fuel to make medical isotopes in Tehran’s research reactor. Western experts believe that this would involve up to 1,200 kg of Low-Enriched Uranium (LEU)—three-quarters of Iran’s declared stock. The United States and Russia collaborated for the past month on this proposal and plan to confirm details in a meeting of experts from Iran, France, Russia and the United States at the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) headquarters in Vienna on October 19. Additional talks about Iran’s overall nuclear program were expected between the P5+1 and Iran by the end of October.
The US ambassador to the IAEA, Glyn Davies, announced on September 9 that Iran has enriched enough nuclear fuel for a “possible breakout capacity,” but added that no evidence exists to show that Tehran has resumed the warhead development program, judged by US intelligence to have ended in 2003.
Iran tests its longest range missiles
Iran’s Revolutionary Guards tested the country’s longest range missiles on September 27, less than a week before the Geneva meetings. Iran’s foreign military spokesperson, Hassan Qashqavi, insisted, however, that these missile tests were part of Iran’s annual military drill known as “Sacred Defence Week”—commemorating the Iraq-Iran war. Iran test-fired Shahab-3 and Sejil rockets, the longest rockets in Iran’s arsenal, which can each fly somewhere between 1,300 and 2,000 km (807 to 1,240 miles), putting them within range of Israel, US bases in the Persian Gulf, and parts of southeastern Europe.
- Technical Note: Annual Future Low-Enriched Uranium Fuel Requirements for the Tehran Research Reactor
David Albright, ISIS Report, October 7, 2009
- Nuclear Challenge from Pakistan and Iran – Part II: Iran’s latest revelation offers international community one last chance to end its weapons program
Leonard S. Spector, YaleGlobal , October 7, 2009 http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/content/nuclear-challenge-
- IAEA Director General and Iranian Officials Discuss Enrichment
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Staff Report, October 5, 2009
- Dealing with Iran: the Power of Legitimacy
George Perkovich, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Policy Outlook, No. 50, October 2009 http://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/index.cfm? fa=view&id=,1&prog=zgp&proj=znpp
- Iran’s intentions
Dawn Editorial, September 28, 2009 http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library /dawn/news/world/07-irans-intentions-ha-03
- Iran and United States on collision course over nuclear plant
Julian Borger, The Guardian, September 27, 2009 http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/27/iran- nuclear-weapons-plant
- Iran confirms building new enrichment plant
Associated Press, September 26, 2009 http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content- library/dawn/news/world/09-iran-confirms-building-new-
- Iran to allow IAEA inspectors into new uranium plant
Dawn, September 26, 2009
- Western leaders demand Iran open nuclear site
Associated Press, September 25, 2009 http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content- library/dawn/news/world/13+western+leaders+demand+
- Iran Warned Over Nuclear ‘Deception’
David E. Sanger and Helene Cooper, The New York Times, September 25, 2009 http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/26/world/middleeast/26nuke.html
North Korea conducted a battery of short-range missile tests on October 12, a move perceived to be aggressive posturing to gain the attention of countries involved in the Six Party Talks, which include North and South Korea, China, Japan, Russia, and the United States. The show of force came two days after China’s Premier, Wen Jiabao, held meetings in Beijing with the leaders of Japan and South Korea and about one week after North Korea’s President, Kim Jong-Il, said that his country would return to the Talks if they were preceded by bi-lateral discussions with the United States.
Washington recently indicated that it would be amenable to direct talks with North Korea if it would coax them back to the Six-Party Talks, but has yet to commit.
North Korea boasts of nuclear capabilities
Pyongyang has continued developing its nuclear program, despite international sanctions, according to a letter the government sent to the United Nations on September 3. North Korea claimed that its nuclear program was close to mastering the “dark art of uranium enrichment,” providing a second way to produce fissile material for nuclear weapons. The letter—North Korea’s first public admission that it has a secret uranium-enrichment program—states that North Korean scientists are “in the concluding stage” of uranium-enrichment tests. The letter also noted that North Korea is restarting its previously-disabled Yongbyon nuclear reactor to produce weapon-grade plutonium.
- China and US will no longer tolerate stop-go diplomacy
Kerry Brown, The Independent, October 7, 2009 http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/commentators/
- North Korea willing to re-enter nuclear disarmament talks
Tania Branigan, The Guardian, September 18, 2009 http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/18/north-korea- nuclear-disarmament-china
- North Korea says it is in final stage of uranium enrichment
Dawn, September 4, 2009
http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content- library/dawn/news/world/14-nkorea-says-it-is-in-final- stage-of-uranium-enrichment-zj-04
- No Reconstruction at the Yongbyon Reactor Site
ISIS Imagery Brief, September 4, 2009
- China urges diplomacy in Iran, North Korea nuke rows
Jonathan Lynn, Reuters, August 12, 2009 http://www.reuters.com/article/topNews/idUSTRE57B1XJ20090812
- Resolving the Nuclear Issue
Young C. Kim, The Washington Times, August 4, 2009 http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2009/
President Dmitry Medvedev replaced Col. General Nikolai Solovtsov with Lt. General Andrei Shvaichenko as commander of Russia’s strategic missile forces in early August. Although speculation has surrounded the possibility that President Medvedev removed General Solovstov because of a string of Bulava missile-test failures, Russian sources pointed to the General reaching mandatory retirement age, as well as his discomfort with deeper nuclear reductions, which have been under review in Russian-US negotiations for the New START agreement.
Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev announced that Russia will be modifying its military doctrine with regard to “preventive” and nuclear strikes, a change that will be included in a revision of Russia’s doctrine that is due for submission to President Medvedev by the end of this year. Russian Deputy Defense Minister Vladimir Popovkin said that Russia will also test “new missile” Topol designs with multiple independently targeted warheads (MIRV) by the end of the year. Lt. General Shvaichenko echoed these plans more recently, saying that Russia will start to deploy the RS-24 missile with multiple warheads in December.
- Russia deploys anti-missile defence unit near North Korea
Luke Harding, The Guardian, August 27, 2009
- Kremlin removes Russian nuclear missile commander
Catherine Belton, Financial Times, August 4, 2009 http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/d5667474-808e-11de-bf04-00144feabdc0.html?nclick_check=1
- Bulava Missile Tests To Continue
RIA Novosti, July 31,, 2009 http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20090731/155688253.html
- New design bureau may take over failing Bulava missile – analyst
RIA Novosti, July 23, 2009 http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20090723/155598994.html
An internal debate is brewing among nuclear scientists in India as to whether India needs additional tests to ensure the credibility of its nuclear weapons arsenal, and whether testing would be worth the resulting international condemnation and unraveling of last year’s nuclear energy agreement with the United States. K. Santhanam, who was heading India’s nuclear weapons program when the country conducted nuclear detonations in 1998, is among a small group of scientists who argue against India signing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). He also angered some Indian colleagues by saying tests of the hydrogen bomb were unsuccessful, a claim that other Indian scientists have disputed. India’s Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said, “a wrong impression has been given by some scientists which is needless” and has affirmed his support for continuing a moratorium on testing.
- Just Say No
Editorial, The New York Times, October 11, 2009
- Key Indian Figures Call for new Nuclear Tests Despite Deal with US
Rama Lakshmi, Washington Post, October 5, 2009 http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/
- DRDO scientist Santhanam favours probe into Pokhran-II
Press Trust of India via The Hindustan Times, Spetember 18, 2009
- Pakistan asks India to maintain N-test moratorium
Dawn, September 4, 2009
More attacks place spotlight on Pakistan’s nuclear security
Pakistan’s military leaders continued to reject allegations that insurgents or terrorists are targeting the country’s nuclear facilities in order to obtain weapons and reiterated that the country’s nuclear infrastructure is secure, despite a recent spate of serious attacks that included a siege on the Army’s headquarters. During a joint press conference in London on October 11, UK Foreign Secretary David Miliband and US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said that they had confidence in the Pakistani government’s security over sensitive nuclear-related sites, but were concerned about the general threat posed to the government itself and the continuing extreme violence against Pakistani civilians.
Robert Norris and Hans Kristensen wrote in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists that Pakistan has recently built up its nuclear arsenal to an estimated total of 70-90 warheads.
- Dr Khan quiet on Times proliferation report
Syed Irfan Raza, Dawn, September 24, 2009 http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content- library/dawn/news/pakistan/11-dr-khan-quiet-on-times- proliferation-report–il–10
- Lahore High Court delays A Q Khan’s case
Dawn, September 15, 2009
http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content- library/dawn/news/pakistan/11-pakistani-court- delays-a–q–khan-s-case–il–10
- A Q Khan remains a proliferation risk, says US
Dawn, September 4, 2009
http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content- library/dawn/news/world/06-aq-khan-remains-a- proliferation-risk-says-us-rs-03
- Pakistan nuclear thefts foiled
Arnaud de Borchgrave, Washington Times, August 13, 2009
- Pakistan denies al-Qaida targeting nuclear facilities
Declan Walsh, The Guardian, August 12, 2009 http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/aug/12/ pakistan-nuclear-al-qaida
- Pakistan blocks advance in disarmament talks
Robert Evans, The Star Online, August 10, 2009 http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2009/8/11/worldupdates/2009-08-10T220458Z_01_NOOTR_ RTRMDNC_0_-416612-1&sec=Worldupdates
Japan’s new Prime Minister and Hiroshima’s mayor laud Obama’s call for nuclear disarmament
On September 23, Japan’s new Prime Minister, Yukio Hatoyama, in his first bi-lateral meeting with President Obama, announced his strong support for the President’s nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament agenda, and said, “As the only country that suffered nuclear attacks, we will work together with the United States toward a world without nuclear weapons.” Mayor of Hiroshima, Tadatoshi Akiba, declared his support for US President Barack Obama’s call to abolish nuclear weapons while speaking at a ceremony on August 6, marking the 64th anniversary of the first atomic bombing. Approximately 50,000 people, including foreign dignitaries and survivors of the bombing, gathered in Hiroshima’s Peace Memorial Park. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon echoed Mayor Akiba’s wishes for a world free of nuclear weapons and urged “humanity to support this sensible and achievable goal.”
Obama Administration changes missile defense plans for Europe
The White House announced on September 17 that it would replace former President George W. Bush’s planned long-range ground-based missile defense (GMD) system in Eastern Europe with a reconfigured system, citing intelligence reports that have indicated Iran is developing short and medium-range missiles that could threaten parts of Europe, while progress on an Iranian intercontinental ballistic missile remains slow. The Obama Administration believes that this new plan, which will substitute a radar system in the Czech Republic and ten ground-based interceptors in Poland with a system involving smaller SM-3 missiles deployed aboard Aegis ships and in Southern Europe and Turkey, provides “proven capabilities and technologies to meet current threats” and more “flexibility to upgrade and adjust the architecture.” The Administration sees the deployment taking shape over four phases, starting in 2011 and reaching completion by 2020.
Many Republican Members of Congress publicly denounced the President’s decision to terminate the GMD system for basing in Poland and the Czech Republic, arguing that the cancellation appeases the Russian and Iranian governments while failing American allies.
- Russia says missile defense buildup affects disarmament measures
RIA Novosti, October 8, 2009
- New Plan For Missile Defenses in Europe and the Implications for International Security
House Armed Services Committee Hearing, October 1, 2009 http://armedservices.house.gov/hearing_information.shtml
- Two First Steps on Nuclear Weapons
Mikhail Gorbachev, Opinion in The New York Times, September 25, 2009 http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/25/opinion/25gorbachev.html
- A Long-Term Fix for Medium-Range Arms
Kenneth Adelman, Op-ed in The New York Times, September 24, 2009 http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/25/opinion/25adelman.html?scp= 1&sq=a%20long%20term%20fix%20for%20&st=cse
- US Changes Course on Eastern European Nuclear-Missile Shield
Wall Street Journal, September 17, 2009 http://online.wsj.com/article/SB125317801774419047.html# mod=WSJ_hpp_MIDDLETopStories
- Obama’s Revamped European Missile Defense Offers Better Security
Center for Arms Control and Non-proliferation, September 17, 2009 http://www.armscontrolcenter.org/policy/missiledefense/ articles/091709_obamas_european_defense/
- The New Defense Realism
Joseph Cirincione, Foreign Policy, September 17, 2009 http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2009/09/17/the_new_defense_realism
- DOD Needs to More Fully Assess Requirements and Establish Operational Units before Fielding New Capabilities
United States Government Accountability Office, September 2009 http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d09856.pdf
- Ballistic Missile Defense: Actions Needed to Improve Planning and Information on Construction and Support Costs for Proposed European Sites
United States Government Accountability Office, August 2009 http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d09771.pdf
- Making a Mark in Space: An Analysis of Obama’s Options For a New US Space Policy
Victoria Samson, Arms Control Today, October 2009 http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2009_10/Samson
- Trust & Verify
VERTIC Newsletter, July-September 2009, Issue No. 126 http://www.vertic.org/assets/TV/TV126.pdf